Ratargul Swamp Forest
Mar 22, 2018

Ratargul Swamp Forest is a forest of the freshwater swamp. Bangladesh. It is the single swamp forest in Bangladesh and one of the freshwater swamp forests in the world. The forest is naturally preserved under the Bangladesh forestry department.

Ratargul Swamp Forest is situated beside the river Goain. It is connected with Changer Khal the channel. Most of the trees rising here are the Millettia Pinnata. The forest goes under twenty to thirty feet of water in the rainy season. Rest of the year the water height is about ten feet deep.

The steamy air from the north-west of Sylhet causes deep rainfall. The average rainfall over four thousand millimetres per year is according to the record of Sylhet Weather Centre. The highest rainfall happens in July at this place. In the rainy season, there is too much water come into the lake from India during Gowain River and the forest becomes overflowed. This situation triumphs from May to early October. On that time the temperature remains thirty-two degree Celsius which drops to twelve degree Celsius in January. In the rainy season, trees remain ten feet underwater but in winter season the forest becomes dry.

There are seventy-three species of plants found in the forest previously. Eighty percent of the forest area is covered like an umbrella of the trees. Two layers of plants can appear in the Ratargul Swamp forest. The upper level consists of trees and the lower level consists of deep Schumannianthus dichotomous. The shade of the plants increases over fifteen meters of height.

In this water forest snake and worm snake can usually be seen. Beside other animal monkey and water monitor also lives in this forest. Tourists typically go to visit the forest in monsoon. But it needs to take authorization from the forest office. To reach this place a local boat needs to be hired for travelling throughout the swamp forest.

Ratargul Swamp Forest located at Gowainghat in Sylhet.  It is about twenty-six kilometres far from Sylhet.

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